A Beginners Guide
It’s the summer holidays, and we all know what that means – time to redecorate while it’s warm, breezy and dry, and get started on that painting job that’s been looming all year. To help you in completing this feat, we’ve put together this ultimate guide to show all you painting beginners how to paint a room.
We can hear the collective groan all the way from our offices here at The Rug Seller as you drag your feet all the way to your local DIY store’s paint section.
But we’re here to show you that interior painting doesn’t have to be so much of a pain, it can be quite simple if you’ve got the right tools and know how – no really!
We’ve worked to put together a beginners guide for all those with no idea how to paint a room, and some top tips that even the reasonably experienced DIY painters amongst you may not have known – to make that painting job go smoothly.
How to Paint a Room: Picking Paint
Now, this is an essential step in interior painting – as you could probably have worked out. It’s not exactly how to paint a room, but the equipment is just as important as the actual painting. The most important thing to do is to carefully choose a colour, and it may seem like an arduous process, but it’s worth it and very important.
Gather Paint Testers
Gather as many paint testers that take your fancy, and take them home. It’s important to remember how many factors change the appearance of a colour that could affect your decision – from lighting to finishes to even the colour when dried!
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Try the Testers in the Light
You should place the testers against each wall, in natural light, to see how the paint colour changes in differing daylight in the room you’re painting. Paint colours will react differently when in sunlight against artificial light, so factor this in when painting a north facing room versus a more sunlit one.
Try the Actual Paint in the Light, on Paper
Once you’ve narrowed your selection, use your shortlisted colours to paint two coats onto an A4 piece of paper, and repeat the steps above – to see how the colour changes in the light when fully dried and how the finishes affect it.
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Make sure you Think of the Finish
Glossy paints will reflect light and look brighter, whereas the matte finish will absorb light and therefore look darker.
For interior walls a matte finish is good for hiding imperfections, but it is easily stained and not terribly easy to clean, although there are ‘easy-clean’ versions out there. If you’d prefer a glossy finish, it will cope with more staining in high traffic areas, although too much cleaning may dull it. However, imperfections do show up, so the wall needs a lot of preparation for this finish – but we’ll move on to that later!
What about the Ceiling Colour?
Ceiling paint doesn’t have to be white, if your walls aren’t too dark you can even paint the ceiling the same colour. If you are having a dark wall colour, you can have some fun choosing a colour that would work that’s maybe a little different – just test the paint in the light!
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The Ingredients of the Paint Matter too
Latex, or water-based paints, dries quicker and have less fumes and also can be cleaned up with just water if you do spill any. On the other hand, oil based paints are much more durable and may be better for more high traffic areas, or even the trims which tend to wear quicker than the rest of the walls.
Which Brand to Pick
When it comes to selecting the brand, the rule usually is that if you spend a little more, you get a little more. The cheaper the paint, the more coats you’ll need and the finish won’t be as flawless, and for interior painting, this can make quite a noticeable difference.
Premium brands such as Farrow and Ball offer the best coverage and the least coats, but does come in at around £39 for a 2.5L tin.
If you’re on more of a budget, Dulux and Crown paints are equally very good, and may only require two coats rather than the one of Farrow and Ball but is a bit easier on the pocket at £13 per 2.5L. Own brand paints can be a bit of a false economy, the cover tends to be a bit less dependable, but you can find some good own brand paints if you look in the right places that can serve to be a true bargain!
VOC and Eco-Friendly Paints are an Option
Some people may be worried about the fumes and dangerous elements in some paints – especially when you’re painting a nursery of child’s room. There are paints that are VOC (volatile organic compounds) free. They are a little more expensive and don’t tend to have the best coverage, but if it’s a worry for you, read more here.
How to Paint a Room: Picking the Right Tools
When it comes to how to paint a room, tools are very important to consider. This is a step that is often thought of as not being as important as it is when it comes to how to paint a room, with the idea that any brush can do the painting job – which really isn’t the case!
Paintbrushes are far more complex than you’d think, from the bristles to the shape – it should all be considered!
Which Bristle Type is Best?
Synthetic bristles are the best for water-based paints as it doesn’t absorb water and won’t cause track marks if the brush was to swell.
Natural bristle is best used for solvent-based paints, as it creates a smooth finish with the characteristic split ends handling the fine paint better and it offers a good structure to hold onto the paint and apply it perfectly.
There is also a combined bristle paintbrush, with both synthetic and natural, which is good for all paint types if you’re not working specifically with either water or solvent paints.
Which Brush Size is Best?
The brush size is also a factor, with brushes sized 100mm-150mm being the most ideal for walls and less delicate jobs, to the 25mm for around window frames and the trim – we’ll go into this more later!
Don’t Forget About Brush Shapes
There are also different brush shapes for particular jobs, with the most useful being an angle sash brush for corners and hard to reach areas – giving a perfect finish for around the fiddly parts such as light switches.
Also, investing in a ‘no-loss brush’ is a good idea, as the bristles are tied around the block so no strands come loose and stick in the paint. For a real in-depth look, read more here.
How to Clean your Brushes
If you’ve got an old brush that you think could fit the bill for your job, use an old comb to get old paint residue off a brush and make sure it’s clean to give a good, sharp finish without any streaks or marks. And always clean your brushes after you’ve finished the job with white spirit or soapy water to save them for next time! If you’re painting for a long time, wash your paintbrushes throughout the day to prevent them drying and ‘gumming’ up.
Which Paint Rollers are Best?
For choosing a roller, there are really only three types to choose from for your interior painting. They come in three pile lengths, short, medium and long which are suited for different textured walls. Short is best for the fine and flat surfaces, medium pile is best for smooth and more generic textures, with the long pile to be used on textured surfaces.
Do you need a Roller Extension Pole?
If you’re planning on painting the ceiling, a roller extension pole is essential – standing on a ladder won’t work and will make it a much more difficult job. If you’ve got high ceilings, this might even be necessary for the walls – it’s much easier than a stepladder!
Then they’re any Extra Tools
You’ll need tools such as something to open the paint can and a stir stick for the paint – especially if you’re mixing paints. Don’t forget to invest in roller trays and tray covers to put your paint into.
Tools for Essential Prepping
Next, we’re moving on to prepping the room – and you need specific tools for this too. You’ll need to invest in fine grit sandpaper, a damp rag for cleaning the walls, and a putty knife for applying Polyfilla – another must!
How to Paint a Room: Prepping the Environment
Now you’re all set with your tools, it’s time to prepare the room for the decorating.
Protect your Furniture
It’s best to remove all furniture from the room you’re painting if possible, but if not then material drop cloths are an essential.
They’re relatively inexpensive and worth not risking your furniture, and are useful to cover your floors too – make sure to get non-slip ones. You can find them in larger Poundland stores, or DIY stores like Homebase or B&Q. Canvas is better than plastic, as it absorbs the drips rather than becoming slippery, are non-rip and are harder to trip over!
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Don’t Forget the Borders
It’s also essential to use low tack (make sure it’s low tack so it doesn’t remove any paintwork) masking tape along the bottom of all the skirting boards and around the borders of anywhere you’re not painting – such as light switches and windowsills. This helps keep the rest of the paintwork in your room sharp and doesn’t need a spectacularly steady hand for your interior painting!
How to Paint a Room: Prepping the walls
It’s not quite time to start your interior painting yet…to ensure an even coverage and the best end result, you need to prep the walls you’re painting, especially if you’re opting for a glossy finish.
Fill in the Holes in your Wall
If there are any nail holes, cracks or crevices in your wall – use a flat knife to apply Polyfilla to fill out the holes and ensure you’re working with a flat and even surface. Allow it to dry before moving on to the next steps.
You need to Scrape off any Peeling Paint
If there’s any peeling or cracked paint, scrape it away as best you can so you get the best base foundation to start painting on, don’t worry if it’s not perfect – sanding it down next will smooth it down fully.
Don’t Forget to Sand Down the Walls
You may also need to gently sand down glossy areas with very fine sandpaper, to improve adhesion of the fresh paint to the walls. Be sure that you remove any remaining sandpaper dust before you begin painting, by vacuuming the wall or brushing it down.
Washing your Walls is Essential
You need to wash your walls using a mild detergent and warm water to remove any surface dirt, oil or grease that could seep into the new layer of paint, and undo all of your hard work.
Make sure any soap residue is completely washed away, and the walls are left to dry completely before you start painting.
A Paint Primer should be Considered
For the best results, applying a paint primer is the best way to get the best adhesive, pigment and durability from your paint. It’s a good idea to use primer, if you’ve used Polyfilla, as the paint can react differently to this as a different base surface.
Apply it to the walls the same as you would the paint (see below) and allow to dry fully before applying any paint.
Perfect the Primer with a Tint
This isn’t necessary, but if you tint the primer with the final colour then it improves the coverage and may reduce the number of coats you’ll need in the long run – it’s a professional painter’s tip!
How to Paint a Room: Painting
Now you’ve worked through all the preparation for the job, it’s time to tell you the most crucial part of how to paint a room!
As this is the main event, don’t just slop the paint on – there are certain techniques which mean your end result will be worth all the hard work.
You need to Mix the Paint
Mix together all your paints into one bucket to keep a consistent colour, as if it’s poured into separate trays it may react differently and some dry slightly and create a mismatched colouration. Make sure you stir it, as the oil or water and powder in paints can separate when the cans have been sitting for a while.
Then There’s the Technical Sounding ‘cutting in’
You should start by ‘cutting in’ the trims and edges of your wall. This is basically a technique where you paint the corners and edges of the walls where a roller can’t fit. You want to use a 2-3mm ‘trim brush’ to paint a three-inch strip along the perimeter of the wall and ceiling.
There are Paintbrush Tchniques
When cutting the trims, hold the brush the narrow way around – it may be a bit more uncomfortable but it creates a much crisper line.
Also, remember to wet your brush before dipping it in the paint and blot it, it prevents the paint dripping up towards the handle and saves the brush.
Whenever dipping the brush into the paint can, only dip it in about half an inch – it prevents overloading the brush and stops excess dripping. Always paint in long continuous strokes to prevent any tidemarks.
You Always Paint Top to Bottom
Once you’ve done this, you should think of the golden rule of how to paint a room – to always work from top to bottom. So, if you’re painting your ceiling then you need to paint both coats and allow this to dry before starting on anything else.
Painting the Ceiling Tips
When painting the ceiling, paint across the width of the room rather than the length, and start from the corners and work out – blending with the previous trims painted in. Make sure before you paint the ceiling, to roll excess paint off on the tray to prevent dripping as much as possible.
Again, Don’t Forget the Trims
Once completing this, go over the trims you’ve made between the border of the walls and the ceilings, and then continue to ‘cut in’ around the whole room around the corners, light switches, and above the skirting board. Basically, any fiddly area which needs more precision than you can get from a roller!
The Paint Roller Technique
When using a roller, roll the paint on in a W pattern and then fill in the gaps of the W without lifting the roller off the wall. Repeat this process until you cover the wall in your first coat of paint. Using this technique reduces the appearance of tide marks or lines where you can see the roller was placed.
Tide marks occur when you paint over a partly dried patch of paint, so if you paint rhythmically, from the corner, and maintain a ‘wet edge’ of the previous roll or brush stroke, you can blend the strokes and leave no tide mark.
Make sure you paint as closely as possible to edges and trims to prevent ‘hatbanding’, which is the term for the different textures of paint which can be seen from the trims to the rest of the wall.
You Don’t Want to Stretch the Paint
You don’t want to overload the wall with too much paint, so you want to be sure to wipe the roller on the tray to remove excess. But equally, don’t stretch your paint out too thin, it’ll just result in an uneven blotchy paint job.
If you Take a Break
Prepare for the painting taking longer than one day, so wrap your rollers and paintbrushes in cling film and put in the refrigerator to prevent drying so you don’t have to clean your brushes every time! Just remove them half an hour before starting again so they’re back to their best.
Finally, Finishing up
When removing the tape, you need to make sure you do it before the paint is completely dry, to reduce any damage to the paint. Peel it off when the paint is no longer tacky but is still a bit damp below the surface. Also, if the paint does peel at all, use a box knife or razor gently for a clean cut to remove it without damage.
And that’s it – you’re all done!
Hopefully, this guide will help you break down the task of how to paint a room into a fairly easy process. It takes time to paint a room perfect, but it’s worth it in the long run to perfect your house décor – and when done right, it’ll stand the test of time much better!